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The Declaration of Geneva ‘The Pledge of Physicians’


The Four Principles of Biomedical Ethics

The scope of Bioethical Principles

Physician Code of Conduct

Physicians and Patients

Physicians and Society

Responsibilities to Colleagues

Responsibilities to Profession

Regulatory Issues of Physician Conduct



Code of Ethics in the Practice of Medicine

Medical Board of Trinidad and Tobago
Code of Ethics in the Practice
of Medicine


American Medical Association [Accessed 18th January 2013]

Article 11 of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights (1997). [Accessed 24th January 2013]

Australian Medical Association Guidelines for Medical Practitioners on Certificates Certifying Illness 2011, [Accessed 21st December 2012]

Beauchamp TL, Childress JF. Principles of biomedical ethics, 5th ed. New York City, NY: Oxford University Press; 2001

Bolam v Friern Hospital Management Committee [1957] 1 WLR 582 [Accessed 30th January 2013]

Canadian Medical Association (CMA), 2004

Cherny et al. “Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine” Fourth Edition, 5.6

Consumer Policy for Trinidad and Tobago “Protection of Consumer Health and Safety’ and ‘Promotion and Protection of Consumer Economic Interests’’ [Accessed 12th January, 2013]

The Data Protection Bill (Trinidad and Tobago) 2009, [Accessed 21st December, 2012]

Devettere RJ. Practical Decision Making in Health Care Ethics: Cases and Concepts. 3rd ed: Georgetown University Press; 2009.

Dubose E.R.,(2002) The Jehovah Witness tradition: Religious Beliefs And Health Care Decisions, [Accessed 28th January 2013]

Fiduciary Duty. [Accessed 14th January 2013]

Fraud. [Accessed 14th January 2013]

General Medical Council. Maintaining boundaries. GMC, 2006:.HM Government

General Medical Council: Confidentiality Guidance, 2009. [Accessed 21st May 2013]

General Medical Council: Delegation and Referral. 2013, [Accessed May 6th, 2013]

Good Medical Practice, General Medical Council; 2001

Good Medical Practice, General Medical Council; 2006

Good Medical Practice: A Code of Conduct for Doctors in Australia. 2009

Hanks G, Cherny NI, Christakis NA, Fallon M, Kaasa S, Portenoy RK. Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine: OUP Oxford; 2011. [Accessed 14th January 2013]

Kodilinye G. Commonwealth Caribbean Tort Law. 2nd ed: Routledge; 2000 p1

Medical Board Act 35 of 1960 Amended 2007 [Accessed 18th January 2013]

Memorandum : The Medical Board of Trinidad and Tobago to All Medical Practitioners, April16, 2003, “Sick Leave Certificates and other matters which have ethical and legal implications”

Mendes D., (2008)A Legal Interpretation of the Trinidad Abortion Law, and a Situational Analysis of Unsafe Abortion in Trinidad and Tobago, Family Planning Association [Accessed on May 20th , 2013]

Moubarak G, Guiot A, Benhamou Y, et al. Facebook activity of residents and fellows and its impact on the doctor-patient relationship. Journal of Medical Ethics; 2011

Nolo's Plain-English Law Dictionary [Accessed 19th January 2013]

Nuremberg Code. [Accessed 21st October 2012]

Position statement: Advance directives. Scottish Council on Human Bioethics: [ Accessed June 27th , 2013]

R v Bourne [1938] 3 All ER 615, [Accessed 28th January, 2013]

R v. Mid Glamorgan FHSA ex parte Martin [1995] in Dolan B. Medical records: Disclosing confidential clinical information Psychiatric Bulletin 28 (2 ): 53-56 2004 Retrieved from [Accessed December 21, 2013]

Rogers WVH, Winfield PH, Jolowicz JJA, Winfield and Jolowicz on Tort: 18e: Sweet & Maxwell, Limited, 2010...Chp.4-8

Schneiderman, L.J., Jecker, N.S. and Jonsen, A.R. “Medical Futility: Its Meaning and Ethical Implications” Annals of Internal Medicine, 1990; 112

The ‘Hippocratic Oath’ adopted, and amended in 2006 by the General Assembly of World Medical Association at Geneva Switzerland, September 1948 and called The Declaration of Geneva;1948

The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario [Accessed 18th January 2013]

The Data Protection Bill (Trinidad and Tobago) 2009, [Accessed 21st December, 2012].

The Declaration of Istanbul on Organ Transplantation and Transplant Tourism 2008. [Assessed 29th January 2013]

The United Nations Declaration Of Human Rights Assessed May 20th, 2013) World Medical Association(WMA)Medical Ethics Manual, 2009

World Medical Association (WMA) Declaration of Helsinki - Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects Declaration of Helsinki, 2008.[page]/[toPage [Accessed 23rd October 2012]

World Health Organisation (WHO) Global Glossary of Terms and Definitions on Donation and Transplantation [Accessed 28th January 2013)

World Health Organisation (WHO) Guiding Principles on Human Cell, Tissue and Organ Transplantation. [Accessed 28th January 2013)

World Health Organisation (WHO) The Resource Book on Mental Health, Human Rights and Legislation, World Health Organisation; 2005

World Health Organisation. Resolution WHA 63.22: Human Organ and Tissue Transplantation. Geneva, World Health Assembly 63, 2010. [Assessed 29th January 2013]

World Medical Association (WMA) Medical Ethics Manual, 2009